Fibre to the x (FTTx) explained

What is Fibre to the x? In telecommunication term, the x is a substitute for N (node/neighbourhood, FTTN), C (cabinet, FTTC), B (basement, FTTB), H (Home, FTTH) etc.

What is FTTx?

A schematic illustrating how FTTX architectures vary – with regard to the distance between the optical fiber and the end-user. The building on the left is the central office; the building on the right is one of the buildings served by the central office. Dotted rectangles represent separate living or office spaces within the same building. Credit to Wikipedia

FTTx is a generic term to differentiate the broadband network architecture according to the relative length of fibre optic and metallic (copper) cable.

Optical fibre is the most efficient way of transmitting data over long distance. But the “last miles” stretches between the telecom facilities and the end users is generally connected using copper wire.

FTTN: Fibre to the node or Fibre to the neighbourhood. Typically, the fibre optic terminate around 300m from the end users. Each node is serving hundred of users in the neighbourhood. The setup from the users end is no different from the ADSL. But the speed and throughput are much better as compared with ADSL.

FTTC: Fibre to the cabinet/curb. Architecturally, FTTC is identical to FTTN. The only differentiating factor is where the fibre optic terminates and the length of the metal cable for the final connection to the end users premise. Any connection with less than 300m copper wire is classified as FTTC.

FTTB: Fibre to the building/basement. In this type of fibre deployment, the fibre optic terminates inside the building. Maxis Fibre categorised this configuration as VDSL2. The fibre optic connection stop at the MDF room. The existing telephone backbone (copper) is used for the length between the MDF room to the end users unit. Maxis Fibre delivered the internet service to MDU (multi dwelling unit) using this type of architecture.

FTTH: Fibre to the Home. This term is generally used to encompass all fibre architecture that terminates inside the end users premise home or business). It is used interchangeably with FTTP (premise). FTTH is the only configuration of delivery to landed properties used by Maxis Fibre.
Maxis Fibre Installation Guide

Internet Terms Explained

When we talk about the internet in general or the internet connection in particular, there are lots of terms being used.
It is good to know what these terms really mean in the plainest language.


First of all is “broadband” which can be definite in the broadest sense. It is an amalgam of two words, “broad bandwidth” and used to describe any internet connection that is faster than the dial-up.
“Broadband” in a nutshell enabled you to do things on the internet that you can never imagined accomplishing using the good old dial up. For instance, video streaming and video conferencing.
Another difference between broadband and dial up is the ADSL technology behind it. With broadband, your telephone voice function is not interrupted while you are connected to the internet.
In Malaysia, the lowest speed ADSL plan of 384kbps is considered as broadband.
Broadband is classified in term of speed and not by mobility. You can find mobile broadband, wireless broadband, fixed broadband (ADSL) or fixed fibre broadband.
As the dial up users dwindled to insignificant numbers, so does the usage of the word “broadband”. Because it is so common now that every internet plan you are talking about is of the “broadband” type.

Fibre Optic

Fibre optic is the strand inside the optical fibre cable that transmit data using laser light. How do optical fibre works?
“Fibre optic” as used in the internet context is actually referring to the type of internet connection served by the purpose built fibre optic network. As opposed to the ADSL technology which is sharing the copper wire with the telephone service.
The bandwidth or the “pipe” of fibre internet is much larger than what you would be able to achieve with the copper wire. With the generous bandwidth, video streaming, online gaming, video conferencing, HD movie downloading and other data intensive activities have become a reality.
Sign up with Maxis Fibre Internet Plan now to experience all the benefits of a fibre internet connection.


IPTV is an acronym of “Internet Protocol Television”. It is a type TV where content is distributed via the internet cable. Before the proliferation of fibre internet, IPTV is not widely adopted. The ADSL technology could not handle the amount of data transfer required to make IPTV a viable proposition.
With fibre internet, the bandwidth available is more than sufficient to carry the internet traffic with lots of room left for voice (VOIP) and IPTV delivery.
IPTV programming will not be affected by the weather. The HD content will still be crystal clear no matter what is the weather condition.
Maxis Fibre Astro IPTV Bundle